The society and culture of Pakistan comprises numerous diverse cultures and ethnic groups: the Punjabis, Kashmiris, Sindhis in east, Muhajirs, Makrani in the south; Baloch and Pashtun in the west; and the ancient Dardic, Wakhi and Burusho communities in the north. These Pakistani cultures have been greatly influenced by many of the surrounding countries' cultures, such as the Turkic peoples, Persian, Afghan, and Indians of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. 

In ancient times, Pakistan was a major cultural hub. Many cultural practices and great monuments have been inherited from the time of the ancient rulers of the region. One of the greatest cultural influences was that of the Persian Empire, of which Pakistan was a part. In fact, the Pakistani satraps were at one time the richest and most productive of the massive Persian Empire. Other key influences include the Afghan Empire, Mughal Empire and later, the short lived but influential, the British Empire.

Pakistan has a cultural and ethnic background going back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which existed from 2800–1800 B.C., and was remarkable for its ordered cities, advanced sanitation, excellent roads, and uniquely structured society. Pakistan has been invaded many times in the past, and has been occupied and settled by many different peoples, each of whom have left their imprint on the current inhabitants of the country. Some of the largest groups were the 'Aryans', Greeks, Scythians, Persians, White Huns, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Afghans, Buddhists and other Eurasian groups, up to and including the British, who left in the late 1940s. 

The region has formed a distinct cultural unit within the main cultural complex of South Asia, the Middle East and Central Asia from the earliest times, and is analogous to Turkey's position in Eurasia. There are differences in culture among the different ethnic groups in matters such as dress, food, and religion, especially where pre-Islamic customs differ from Islamic practices. Their cultural origins also reveal influences from far afield, including Tibet, Nepal, India and eastern Afghanistan. All groups show varying degrees of influence from Persia, Turkestan and Hellenistic Greece. Pakistan was the first region of South Asia to receive the full impact of Islam and has developed a distinct Islamic identity, historically different from areas further west. 

Diwan-e-Khas: The hall of special audience with the emperor Bahauddin Zakariya Ancient sites in Pakistan include: Zorastrian Fire temples, Islamic centres,shia shrines/ Sufi Shrines, Buddhist temples, Sikh, Hindu and Pagan temples and shrines, gardens, tombs, palaces, monuments, and Mughal and Indo-Saracenic buildings. Sculpture is dominated by Greco-Buddhist friezes, and crafts by ceramics, jewellery, silk goods and engraved woodwork and metalwork. 

Pakistani society is largely multilingual, multi-ethnic and multicultural. Though cultures within the country differ to some extent, more similarities than differences can be found, as most Pakistanis are mainly of Aryan heritage or have coexisted side by side along the Indus River for several thousand years, or both. However, over 60 years of integration, a distinctive "Pakistani" culture has sprung up, especially in the urban areas where many of the diverse ethnic groups have coexisted and ithe country now having a literacy rate of 55%, up from 3% at the time of independence. Traditional family values are highly respected and considered sacred, although urban families increasingly form nuclear families, owing to socio-economic constraints imposed by the traditional culture of the extended family.

The past few decades have seen emergence of a middle class in cities such as Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Quetta, Faisalabad, Sukkur, Peshawar, Sialkot, Abbottabad and Multan. Rural areas of Pakistan are regarded as more conservative, and are dominated by regional tribal customs dating back hundreds if not thousands of years. 

Pakistan’s culture is again unique like the rest of the country. Pakistan’s geography is the meeting point of South Asia, Central Asia and West Asia/Gulf. Its culture could be termed as a combination of sub continental, Islamic, Regional, English and more recently global influences. Let us consider them piecemeal. The newly born Pakistan had to have a sub continental leaning, having been a part of for last 5000 years of its civilization. However, the Indus Valley, present day Pakistan, culture was different from the rest of North India or South India. 

If you would like to travel in an area not mentioned in our itineraries, or customize an existing itinerary we will accommodate your needs. All itineraries are 100% customizable.


Mohenjo Daro


Pakistan homes to some of worlds ancient civilizations, which got settled along the Indus River some 4500 years back. Indus Valley Civilization, which was considered to be the most modern and developed.

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Khaplu Palace


Baltistan is a land a high mountains and great culture. There were several kingdoms in this region in the past. The old rules left their marks by building beautiful forts.

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Pakistan Tours


Pakistan tour is specially designed to make your visit a truly exploring Pakistan as destination. From sandy beaches of Karachi to Moenjodaro (Indus Civilization), from the Sufism in Multan to the plains of Punjab.

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Friendship Tours Pakistan


A combination of our established Gondogoro La, K2 and Snow Lake treks, this 5-week expedition must rank as the ultimate Karakoram challenge which starts from the south-east at Hushe and ends in Nagar/Hunza to the north-west.

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Amazing Karakoram Tours Pakistan


The opening of the 5650m high Gondogoro LA adds a new dimension to the magnificent K2 Trek, making it possible to return via beautiful Hushe valley...

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Silk Route Explorers Tours Pakistan


The Silk Route tour offered is a spectacular journey that takes you through the scenic views, mountain panoramas, and cultural experiences of five neighboring nations along the ancient Silk Route.

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Shangrila Resort Skardu Baltistan


Fascinating culture, magnificent monasteries and awesome mountain scenery combine to make this journey one of the most spectacular in the world.

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Hunza Panoramic Tours


This trek takes you close to unspoiled nature. Apart from visiting Gulmit riding on 4 wheel jeep to the top of the Gulmit valley, winding your way through this thickly alpine forests spot, you reach rajabel and onward to Gulmit tower...

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Masherbrum Base Camp Trek


There are many reason which urge locals and foreigners to Tour Pakistan. Tourists prefer to Visit Pakistan becauseit is a land having diverse culturesPeople Tour Pakistan toview the ruins of ancient civilizations like Mohenjo-Daro, Harrapa and Taxila. 

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Karakoram Valley Tours


The great Karakoram provide some of the most spectacular landscapes in the world and the simple, friendly and welcoming people of these valleys are warm-hearted and welcoming.

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Baltoro K2 Base Camp Trek


The trip to Amazing North is a specially designed tour with a combination of soft trek and culture tour to let you experience the true Pakistan.

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Khunjerab Pass - Pak-China Border


Chitral Valley with the unique Kalash (known as the Wearers of Black Robes) - a remaining minority of approximately 3500 people living in three isolated, beautiful valleys.

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Lahore Fort, Pakistan


Pakistan Heritage is an exciting effort to combine some ancient civilizations, untouched cultural sights, historical sights, museums as well as to trace the footsteps of Alexander the Great.

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Karakoram Highway & Khunjerab Pass Tour


Islamabad-Taxila-Naran-Gilgit-Hunza Karimabad-Gulmit-Borith Lake-Passu-Sost-Tashkurgan-Kashgar.

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Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore Pakistan


The land where the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is situated today had been a seat of world’s leading Civilizations from the time immemorial. There is plenty of evidence from the pre-historic and historic period.

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Hunza Adventure Tours & Treks, Pakistan

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